- Annapolis Yacht Club
- 510 Severn Ave - Annapolis
- Maryland 21403 - United States
- (410) 263-9147
Annapolis, the capital of Maryland, has a rich and vibrant history that dates back to colonial times. Here's an overview of the historical significance of Annapolis:
- Early Settlement: Annapolis was founded in 1649 by Puritans who settled in the area. Originally called "Providence," it served as a refuge for religious dissenters fleeing the Protestant-Catholic conflicts in England. In 1694, the settlement was renamed Annapolis in honor of Princess Anne, who would later become Queen Anne of Great Britain.
- Capital of Maryland: Annapolis became the capital of Maryland in 1694, replacing St. Mary's City. The decision to establish the capital in Annapolis was influenced by its central location within the colony and its proximity to the Chesapeake Bay, facilitating trade and commerce.
- Colonial Era: During the colonial era, Annapolis grew into a prosperous seaport and a hub of political and social activity. The city's economy thrived on tobacco trade, shipbuilding, and the presence of government institutions. The Maryland State House, constructed between 1772 and 1779, became the oldest state capitol in continuous legislative use in the United States.
- American Revolution: Annapolis played a significant role in the American Revolution. In 1783, the Treaty of Paris, which officially ended the war, was ratified in the Maryland State House. The building also served as the temporary national capital from November 26, 1783, to August 13, 1784, when delegates from the thirteen states met to discuss and resolve post-war issues.
- Naval Academy: In 1845, the United States Naval Academy was established in Annapolis. The academy has since become an integral part of the city's identity. It trains officers for the United States Navy and Marine Corps and has contributed significantly to the local economy and cultural fabric.
- Civil War: During the American Civil War, Annapolis remained under Union control despite being situated in a slave-holding state. It served as a key supply center and a hospital location for wounded soldiers. The presence of the Naval Academy played a crucial role in protecting the city from Confederate attacks.
- African American History: Annapolis has a notable African American history. In 1862, the Emancipation Proclamation was read publicly from the steps of the Maryland State House, marking the end of slavery in the state. Today, the Banneker-Douglass Museum stands as a tribute to African American heritage and achievements in Maryland.
- Modern Era: Annapolis has continued to evolve as a vibrant city known for its historical charm, maritime culture, and architectural beauty. Its well-preserved colonial buildings, such as the homes along Prince George Street, draw visitors from around the world. The city hosts several events throughout the year, including the renowned Annapolis Boat Shows and the United States Sailboat Show.
Annapolis' rich history, intertwined with significant national events, makes it a fascinating place to explore and learn about the colonial and early American periods.
Top Tourist Attractions
Annapolis offers a range of tourist attractions that showcase its rich history, maritime heritage, and scenic beauty. Here are some of the local top tourist attractions:
- U.S. Naval Academy: The United States Naval Academy is a prestigious institution and a major attraction in Annapolis. Visitors can take guided tours of the academy grounds, visit the Naval Academy Museum, and witness the Noon Formation of midshipmen.
- Maryland State House: The Maryland State House is the oldest state capitol in continuous legislative use in the United States. Visitors can explore this historic building, see the Old Senate Chamber where George Washington resigned his commission as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, and learn about Maryland's role in American history.
- Historic Annapolis District: The Historic Annapolis District is a charming area known for its well-preserved colonial architecture. Visitors can stroll along Main Street, visit quaint shops, dine in restaurants, and admire the beautiful row houses. The William Paca House and Garden, a restored Georgian mansion, is also worth a visit.
- Annapolis Maritime Museum: Located on the shores of Back Creek, the Annapolis Maritime Museum offers exhibits and educational programs that delve into the city's maritime history and the ecology of the Chesapeake Bay. The museum also hosts special events and boat tours.
- Ego Alley and City Dock: Ego Alley, a nickname for the narrow waterway at City Dock, is a hub of activity in Annapolis. Visitors can enjoy a stroll along the waterfront, watch sailboats and yachts, dine at waterside restaurants, and experience the lively atmosphere of the downtown area.
- Annapolis City Tours: Various guided tours are available in Annapolis, providing visitors with an opportunity to explore the city's history and culture. Walking tours, trolley tours, and boat tours offer different perspectives on Annapolis' landmarks and attractions.
- Annapolis Harbor and Spa Creek: Annapolis' scenic harbor and Spa Creek offer picturesque views and recreational opportunities. Visitors can take boat tours, rent kayaks or paddleboards, or simply relax by the water's edge and enjoy the maritime ambiance.
- St. John's College: St. John's College, founded in 1696, is one of the oldest liberal arts colleges in the United States. The college's campus, known for its picturesque setting, includes notable buildings like McDowell Hall and the Francis Scott Key Auditorium. Visitors can explore the grounds and attend public lectures or events.
- Annapolis Maritime Antiques: Antique enthusiasts will enjoy browsing through the unique collection of maritime artifacts and nautical treasures at Annapolis Maritime Antiques. Located near the City Dock, this shop offers a glimpse into the seafaring history of the region.
These are just a few of the many attractions Annapolis has to offer. Whether you're interested in history, maritime activities, or simply enjoying the scenic waterfront, Annapolis has something for everyone.
Annapolis experiences a humid subtropical climate characterized by hot summers and cool winters. Here are some key features of the climate in Annapolis:
- Summers (June to August): Summers in Annapolis are hot and humid with average high temperatures ranging from the mid-80s to low 90s Fahrenheit (around 29-34 degrees Celsius). Humidity levels can be high, and occasional heatwaves may push temperatures into the upper 90s (above 35 degrees Celsius). Thunderstorms are common during this season.
- Spring (March to May): Spring in Annapolis brings milder temperatures, with average highs in the 60s to 70s Fahrenheit (around 15-25 degrees Celsius). However, the weather can vary significantly, with some days feeling cool and others becoming warm. Spring is also known for occasional rain showers.
- Autumn (September to November): Autumn in Annapolis is generally mild and pleasant, with cooler temperatures gradually settling in. Average highs range from the 70s to low 80s Fahrenheit (around 21-28 degrees Celsius) in September, dropping to the 50s to 60s Fahrenheit (around 10-20 degrees Celsius) in November. The region experiences vibrant fall foliage during this season.
- Winters (December to February): Winters in Annapolis are chilly, but not excessively cold compared to more northern areas. Average high temperatures in December and January range from the 40s to 50s Fahrenheit (around 4-10 degrees Celsius). However, colder temperatures can occur during cold fronts, and occasional snowfall is possible.
Precipitation is spread relatively evenly throughout the year, with the wettest months typically occurring in summer and early fall. Annapolis receives an average annual rainfall of around 45 inches (114 cm).
It's worth noting that these climate characteristics are generalizations, and actual weather conditions can vary from year to year. It's always a good idea to check the local weather forecast when planning a visit to Annapolis or engaging in outdoor activities.
- Chesapeake Bay: Annapolis is situated on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay, the largest estuary in the United States. The bay has a significant influence on the city's culture, economy, and recreational activities. Annapolis Harbor, which connects to the Chesapeake Bay, serves as a hub for boating and maritime activities.
- Severn River: The city is also bordered by the Severn River, which flows into the Chesapeake Bay. The river plays a vital role in Annapolis' geography and provides scenic beauty. The United States Naval Academy is located on the banks of the Severn River.
- Flat Landscape: Annapolis is situated on relatively flat terrain, with an average elevation of about 39 feet (12 meters) above sea level. The cityscape is characterized by gentle slopes and few significant hills.
- Historic District: The Historic District of Annapolis, located in the city center, features well-preserved colonial-era buildings and narrow streets. This area showcases the city's historic charm and serves as a focal point for tourism and cultural activities.
- Parks and Green Spaces: Annapolis boasts several parks and green spaces that enhance its natural beauty. Quiet Waters Park, located on the shores of the South River, offers walking trails, picnic areas, and a dog park. Sandy Point State Park, situated along the Chesapeake Bay, provides opportunities for swimming, fishing, boating, and wildlife viewing.
- Proximity to Baltimore and Washington, D.C.: Annapolis is strategically located between the cities of Baltimore and Washington, D.C. Both cities are within easy reach, with Baltimore lying about 30 miles (48 kilometers) to the north and Washington, D.C. approximately 30 miles (48 kilometers) to the southwest.
Overall, Annapolis benefits from its picturesque waterfront location, surrounded by the Chesapeake Bay and the Severn River. Its proximity to natural features, historical sites, and urban centers makes it an attractive destination for residents and visitors alike.