- Camping Sandseele Gmbh
- Zum Sandseele 1, D-78479
- Insel Reichenau - Germany
- +49 (0) 7534 / 7384
- [email protected]
Reichenau is a historical island located in Lake Constance (Bodensee) in southern Germany. It holds significant cultural and religious importance due to its history, particularly its role as a monastic center.
Early History: The island of Reichenau has been inhabited since prehistoric times. However, its historical significance stems from the establishment of a Benedictine monastery in 724 AD by Saint Pirmin, an Irish missionary. The monastery played a crucial role in the spread of Christianity in the region.
The Golden Age: Reichenau Abbey, as the monastery came to be known, flourished during the early Middle Ages (8th to 11th centuries). It became a prominent center of learning, art, and culture in Europe. The monks at Reichenau were renowned for their scriptorium, where they produced numerous illuminated manuscripts and artworks.
Influence on Art and Culture: The monks of Reichenau were skilled in various crafts, including book illumination, painting, and metalwork. Some of the most famous illuminated manuscripts from Reichenau include the Pericopes of Henry II and the Reichenau School manuscripts. These artworks are considered among the finest examples of Carolingian and Ottonian art.
Decline: Despite its prosperity, Reichenau Abbey faced challenges over the centuries, including political unrest, economic difficulties, and occasional invasions. The decline of the monastery started in the 12th century, and by the 16th century, it had lost much of its former influence.
Secularization and Modern Times: In the wake of the Protestant Reformation, the monastery was secularized in 1540. Its possessions were confiscated, and the religious community dispersed. Over the following centuries, Reichenau came under various rulers, including the House of Habsburg and the Grand Duchy of Baden.
UNESCO World Heritage Site: In recognition of its historical significance and well-preserved cultural heritage, the Island of Reichenau, including the monastic buildings and the surrounding landscape, was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.
Today, Reichenau remains an idyllic island in Lake Constance, attracting visitors with its historical buildings, beautiful landscapes, and the rich legacy of its past as a center of art, culture, and spirituality. It serves as a reminder of the cultural and religious contributions made by the Benedictine monks during the early Middle Ages in Germany.
Top Tourist Attractions
As a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Reichenau Island in Germany offers several captivating tourist attractions that draw visitors from all over the world. Here are some of the top attractions on the island:
- Reichenau Abbey: The main attraction on the island is the Reichenau Abbey itself. Although the original buildings have been largely destroyed, the Münster St. Maria und Markus, dating back to the 9th century, still stands. The church features impressive frescoes and artwork, providing a glimpse into the island's rich religious and cultural history.
- Reichenau Museum: Housed in the former tithe barn of the abbey, the Reichenau Museum showcases the island's history, monastic life, and the cultural significance of the Reichenau School's art. Visitors can explore a collection of illuminated manuscripts, religious artifacts, and exhibits detailing the island's past.
- St. Peter and Paul Church: This church, situated in the town of Oberzell, is another highlight of Reichenau. Its striking architecture and well-preserved interior, including beautiful frescoes and sculptures, make it a must-visit site.
- Niederzell Monastery: Located in the southern part of the island, the Niederzell Monastery is a former Benedictine convent. Its Romanesque basilica is an architectural gem with an impressive crypt and captivating murals.
- Oberzell Archaeological Park: For history enthusiasts, the Oberzell Archaeological Park offers a chance to explore the ruins of a medieval castle, a Romanesque chapel, and other historical structures.
- Lake Constance: Reichenau's location in Lake Constance provides visitors with opportunities for leisurely walks along the shoreline, boat trips, and stunning views of the surrounding landscape.
- Vegetable Gardens and Vineyards: Reichenau is known for its fertile soil, and the island's vegetable gardens have a long tradition of cultivating crops. Visitors can explore these well-tended gardens and vineyards, which contribute to the island's designation as a UNESCO site due to its cultural landscape.
- Water Tower: The Wasserwerk Reichenau, or water tower, is an architectural marvel from the early 20th century. It supplied water to the island and is an interesting historical site to visit.
- Cycling and Hiking Routes: Reichenau is a great destination for nature lovers, offering various cycling and hiking routes that take you through picturesque landscapes and provide glimpses of the lake's beauty.
- Local Cuisine: Enjoying the local cuisine is a delightful part of any visit to Reichenau. Savor fresh vegetables, regional fish dishes, and local wines that showcase the island's agricultural and culinary traditions.
These attractions, combined with Reichenau's serene and scenic ambiance, make it a memorable destination for travelers interested in history, culture, and natural beauty.
Reichenau, located in southern Germany, experiences a temperate climate influenced by its proximity to Lake Constance (Bodensee). The lake's moderating effect helps to keep the island's temperatures relatively mild compared to more inland areas. Here's an overview of the climate in Reichenau:
- Summers: Summers in Reichenau are generally mild and pleasant. The average high temperatures during the summer months (June to August) range from 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F). However, occasional heatwaves may bring higher temperatures. Summers also see a fair amount of sunshine and moderate rainfall.
- Winters: Winters on the island are relatively mild compared to many other parts of Germany. The average low temperatures during the winter months (December to February) range from 0°C to 3°C (32°F to 37°F). Snowfall is not as common as in more continental regions, but occasional snow showers are possible.
- Spring and Autumn: Spring and autumn in Reichenau are pleasant seasons to visit. Spring (March to May) sees the island come alive with blooming flowers and warmer temperatures, while autumn (September to November) brings colorful foliage and mild weather.
- Rainfall: Reichenau experiences a moderate amount of rainfall throughout the year. The wettest months are generally during the summer and early autumn, with June and July being the rainiest. Winter tends to be the driest period.
- Wind: The island is generally sheltered from strong winds due to its location in Lake Constance. However, occasional gentle breezes from the lake can provide a refreshing atmosphere.
Overall, Reichenau's climate is characterized by its pleasant summers, mild winters, and relatively stable weather conditions. It is a charming destination to visit year-round, with each season offering unique experiences and natural beauty. Whether you prefer exploring the historical sites in warm weather or enjoying the peaceful ambiance during the cooler months, Reichenau has something to offer for every traveler.
- Location: Reichenau is located in the northern part of Lake Constance, which is shared by three countries: Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. The island is entirely within German territory and is part of the state of Baden-Württemberg.
- Size: Reichenau is a relatively small island, covering an area of approximately 4.3 square kilometers (about 1.7 square miles). Despite its size, it holds significant historical and cultural importance, which led to its designation as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Formation: Reichenau was formed during the last ice age, when glacial activity shaped the landscape of Lake Constance. As the glaciers retreated, the island emerged as a natural landmass.
- Landscape: The island's terrain is relatively flat, with gently rolling hills and fertile soil. The combination of a mild climate and fertile land has made Reichenau an ideal location for agriculture, especially vegetable and fruit cultivation.
- Lake Constance: Reichenau is entirely surrounded by Lake Constance, which is one of the largest and most scenic lakes in Europe. The lake provides a beautiful backdrop to the island's landscape and offers various recreational activities such as boating, fishing, and swimming.
- Connection: Reichenau is connected to the mainland by a causeway, making it easily accessible by road. The causeway links the island to the nearby town of Allensbach on the eastern shore of Lake Constance.
- Climate: As mentioned earlier, Reichenau's climate is influenced by its proximity to Lake Constance. The lake's moderating effect helps to keep temperatures relatively mild, making the island a favorable environment for agriculture and vegetation.
- Natural Beauty: Reichenau's geographical location, surrounded by the clear waters of Lake Constance and with views of the Swiss and Austrian Alps in the distance, adds to its natural beauty and allure as a tourist destination.
The combination of its historical significance, cultural heritage, fertile land, and scenic setting in Lake Constance makes Reichenau a captivating and tranquil destination, attracting visitors from both Germany and abroad.