- Government of Prince Edward Island
- P.O. Box 2000 - Charlottetown
- Canada C1A 7N8
- [email protected]
Charlottetown is a city located in Prince Edward Island, Canada, and is the capital of the province. The city was originally named Port La Joye by the French in 1720 and later named Charlottetown after Queen Charlotte, the wife of King George III, in 1763.
One of the most significant events in Charlottetown's history is the Charlottetown Conference, which took place in 1864. The conference was a meeting between representatives from the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, who came together to discuss the possibility of forming a confederation of the British North American colonies.
The conference was held at Province House, which still stands as a National Historic Site in Charlottetown. During the conference, the delegates discussed a range of issues related to the proposed confederation, including trade, taxation, and representation in government.
The Charlottetown Conference was a critical step in the eventual formation of Canada as a country. Following the conference, the delegates continued to meet, eventually leading to the drafting of the British North America Act, which established Canada as a nation on July 1, 1867.
Charlottetown continued to grow throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with the development of industries such as shipbuilding, fishing, and agriculture. Today, the city is a thriving cultural and economic center, known for its historic architecture, beautiful waterfront, and vibrant arts scene.
Top Tourist Attractions
Charlottetown is a charming and historic city that offers visitors a range of interesting and enjoyable attractions. Here are some of the top tourist attractions in Charlottetown:
- Province House: This National Historic Site of Canada is where the Charlottetown Conference took place in 1864. Today, visitors can take a guided tour of the building and learn more about the history of Canada.
- Confederation Centre of the Arts: This cultural center is home to the Charlottetown Festival, which features live theater performances throughout the summer. Visitors can also explore the art gallery and attend concerts and other events.
- Charlottetown Farmers' Market: This popular farmers' market is open year-round and features a range of local vendors selling fresh produce, baked goods, and other products.
- Victoria Row: This pedestrian-friendly street is lined with colorful Victorian buildings that house restaurants, shops, and cafes. It's a great place to take a stroll and enjoy the ambiance of the city.
- Beaconsfield Historic House: This elegant 19th-century home has been preserved as a museum and offers visitors a glimpse into the lives of wealthy families during that time.
- St. Dunstan's Basilica: This stunning Catholic church features beautiful stained glass windows, a grand pipe organ, and ornate woodwork.
- Charlottetown Waterfront: This picturesque area features a boardwalk, parks, and a marina, making it a great spot to take a leisurely stroll or watch the boats come and go.
- Prince Edward Island National Park: Just a short drive from Charlottetown, this beautiful park features stunning beaches, hiking trails, and a variety of outdoor activities. It's a must-visit destination for nature lovers.
Charlottetown has a humid continental climate, characterized by warm summers and cold winters. The city experiences four distinct seasons, with the temperature and precipitation varying throughout the year.
During the summer months (June to August), the average high temperature ranges from 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F), and the average low temperature is around 13°C to 16°C (55°F to 61°F). The summer months are also the wettest time of the year, with an average of around 90-100mm (3.5-4 inches) of rain per month.
In the winter months (December to February), the temperature can drop significantly, with the average high temperature ranging from -3°C to 1°C (27°F to 34°F), and the average low temperature is around -11°C to -6°C (12°F to 21°F). The winter months are also the driest time of the year, with an average of around 50-60mm (2-2.5 inches) of snowfall per month.
Spring (March to May) and fall (September to November) are transitional seasons, with temperatures ranging from mild to cool. Spring is typically the driest of these seasons, while fall is the second-wettest season after summer.
Overall, visitors to Charlottetown should expect a range of temperatures and weather conditions depending on the time of year they visit. It's a good idea to check the weather forecast before traveling and pack accordingly.
Charlottetown is a city located on the eastern coast of Canada's Prince Edward Island (PEI). It is the capital and largest city of the province, with a population of around 40,000 people.
Charlottetown is situated on the south shore of the Hillsborough River, which empties into the Northumberland Strait. The city's downtown core is located on a peninsula that juts into the river, and it is surrounded by a number of other smaller islands, including the nearby Victoria Park.
The climate in Charlottetown is moderate, with warm summers and cold winters. The average temperature in July, the warmest month, is around 20°C (68°F), while the average temperature in January, the coldest month, is around -7°C (19°F).
Charlottetown is a popular tourist destination, known for its historic architecture, scenic waterfront, and cultural attractions. The city is also home to several universities and colleges, including the University of Prince Edward Island and Holland College.