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The city area of Split is situated in the central part of the Eastern Adriatic Coast, spreading between 16o 18´ and 16o 39´ longitude east, and 43o 26´ 30´ ´ and 43o 33´ 30´ ´ latitude north. It includes the Split peninsula area and the eastern part of the island of Ciovo , as well as the western part of the mountain ranges of Mosor and Kozjak with it´s hinterland, belong to the municipality of Split.
The Split peninsula is bordered by the mouth of the small River Zrnovnica near the townlet of Stobrec in the southeast, and the River Jadro in the north. The peninsula on which Cape Marjan is situated, points towards the west. It faces the western cape of the Island Ciovo. Between Marjan Hill and Ciovo is the entrance to the large Bay of Kastela, which extends from Trogir on the extreme west, to Solin on the east. From Trogir to Omis, situated on the very mouth of the River Cetina, lies the wider city area of Split; a markedly elongated and relatively narrow belt, about 60 km along, and only about 5 km wide.
This area is separated from the continental hinterlands by the Dinaric mountain ranges of Kozjak and Mosor, which makes it climatically closed area. The narrow Pass of Klis cuts between these two mountains. The Mosor mountain lies in a large bend of the river Cetina, and it is situated east of the peninsula of Split. Many heights of stand; 1000m are the highest peak is Mosor at 1330m. Of among twenty caves, the largest and most picturesque is the Vranjaca. As the most beautiful spelological area of Central Dalmatia, it is given a status of a natural monument of Croatia.
The most important green surfaces of the entire city area is on the Marjan Hill in the western part of peninsula. Of the original climatic vegetation, there are old native holm - oak shurbs and oak trees.
The area of Split therefore is characterised by a rich and varying natural heritage and favourable conditions for life. It is therefore understandable that on it´s soil life uncreasingly develops from prehistoric times til today, and according to migration tendencies, is even today one of the most appealing areas of the Croatian Adriatic Coast.
Split offers you it´s many charmes: the pines of the Marjan forest, the murmur of the sea and the sound of a dalmatian song on the stone streets of the city.
After you have found adequate accommodation and had a first glimpse of the city, you will probably want to taste local food and enjoy the assortment of the famous Dalmatian cuisine, of which you are likely to have heard a lot from your friends and acquaintances who have been fortunate enough to have already visited this area. Or you may simply be curious and wish to try the local cuisine, as is the custom of a majority of visitors to foreign countries.
Split is a city which has always loved sport and support them. For centuries it has confidently witnessed various games and matches. Beside gallant knightly competitions the populace watched sailing and rowing regattas, ball and boccia games, stone tossing, the Alka and similar displays of strength and skills. Meanwhile, in the XIX century, sports developed in different directions. The first sport group was founded in1877 and was called the Sharpshooters.
Before World War I gimnastics, athletics, fencing, rowing, sailing, bicycling, automobile racing. tennis, mountaineering, waterpolo, swimming, weightlifting and boxing groups were formed. On February 13, 1911 Hajduk Soccer Club was formed. Today it is still the most important group in Split.
Sport grew between the two wars. Women begin competing individually and on teams. New club such as baseball, horseback riding, bowling, motorcycle racing, sports fishing, table tenis, rugby and chess were formed. It should be noted that 65 clubs in 20 sport activities with 3000 active and 4500 inactive members existed in a city with a population of 20.000 - 40.000 between the wars.
After World War II most of the sport clubs turned professional. During that time sports groups were amply funded, and modern practice and playing fields were constructed. The city stadium (picture on the top), where Hajduk plays, was build in 1979. Since than sports activities have greatly increased.
Split athletes achieved excellent results:
1952 the Gusar coxless four rowers won the Gold Medail in Helsinki Olympics;
In 1963 Mexico Olympics swimmer Djurdjica Bjedov won a Gold and Silver medal;
From 1971 -1974 marathon swimmer Veljko Rogosic was world champion;
In 1979 alpinist Stipe Bozic climbed Mt.Everest;
In 1994 the Gusar Club again brought home a first place at the Indianopolis World Meet.
Split has produced three tennis notables: Nikola Pilic who won Roland Garos in 1973 and now coach of the German Davis Coup Team, Zeljko Franulovic who won Roland Garos in 1970 and is now Director of the ATP Tour Frankfurt, and Goran Ivanisevic who was Wimbeldon finalist in 1992 and 1994 and since 1990 has been ranked in the ATP top ten. Split's basketball club was European Champion three times. Three players now play in the American NBA League (Toni Kukoc, Dino Radja and Zan Tabak).
Split has a lot of recreation facilities. There is almost no one important sport that you can not practice in Split. Let us mention just a few recreation possibilities. You can play tennis in one of dozen tennis courts, swim in a couple swiming pools if you prefere that instead of sea, play basketball, socker, waleyball, dive with instructors and divers of few diving clubs, sail on racing or pleasure boats in one of five Split marinas, free climb on Marjan Hill, or run in Marjan forest.
THe Marjan Park - This natural preserve is situated on the Split Peninsula. Generations of Split citizens took care of and enhanced this green oasis, the lungs of the city. The Marjan Hill is rich with woods, makija (low bush-like shrubs) and Mediterranean plants, promenades, belvederes, solariums, with a coast and beaches, trim-tracks and playing grounds.
Important scientific and cultural institutions are also located here: the Oceanographic Institute, botanical garden, zoo, the Gallery and Castelet of Mestrovic, and the Museum of Croatian Archaeological Monuments. Because of the mild climate throughout the entire year, an approximate temperature of 18 - 19 deg. C, a relative humidity of 60% and mild winds, the Marjan is ideal for recreation throughout the year. From its first peak stretches a magnificent view of the old and new parts of Split. From here, one can reach the historic core by walking through the old plebeian area of Varos in only 15 minutes. By walking up the Marjan steps leading to its peak, we reach the second Marjan peak: Telegrin. From this belvedere, one can see the Split Peninsula, Kozjak, Mosor, Kastela Bay, Salona and Klis, Trogir and Ciovo, as well as the Islands of Solta, Brac, Hvar and Vis.
In recent times, the southern Marjan cliffs have become a favourite training place for alpinists and free climbers who traditionally meet at the Marjan Cup event in the beginning of April each year.