- Las Sendas Golf Club
- 7555 E Eagle Crest Drive - Mesa
- Arizona 85207 - United States
- 1 (480) 396-4000
Mesa is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. It is a suburb of Phoenix and is the third-largest city in Arizona, following Phoenix and Tucson. Mesa has a rich and diverse history that dates back thousands of years.
The area that is now Mesa was originally inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Hohokam people, who settled along the Salt River around 2,000 years ago. The Hohokam developed an advanced irrigation system to support their agricultural activities, which allowed them to thrive in the arid desert environment.
European exploration of the region began in the 16th century when Spanish expeditions led by Marcos de Niza and Francisco Vázquez de Coronado arrived in the area. However, it was not until the mid-19th century that the area started to see significant European-American settlement.
In 1877, a pioneer named Daniel Webster Jones founded the first modern settlement in Mesa, known as Fort Utah. The fort was later renamed as Mesa City and eventually shortened to Mesa. The establishment of the Fort McDowell Indian Reservation in 1870 and the opening of the Salt River Valley Canal in 1885 played significant roles in attracting settlers to the area.
Agriculture became the backbone of Mesa's early economy, with cotton, citrus fruits, and other crops being cultivated. The completion of the Roosevelt Dam in 1911 brought water to the Salt River Valley, further facilitating agricultural growth.
In the early 20th century, Mesa experienced significant growth and development. The town was incorporated in 1883, and it became the county seat of Maricopa County from 1889 to 1891. Mesa's population continued to expand as the city became a center for agriculture, commerce, and education.
During World War II, Mesa played a role in the war effort by housing the Falcon Field military training base. The base provided training for British RAF and American Army Air Corps pilots.
In the second half of the 20th century, Mesa underwent rapid suburbanization and became an integral part of the greater Phoenix metropolitan area. The city's population grew substantially, and its economy diversified beyond agriculture into sectors such as manufacturing, healthcare, education, and tourism.
Today, Mesa is a thriving city known for its vibrant cultural scene, educational institutions, and natural beauty. It is home to attractions such as the Mesa Arts Center, Arizona Museum of Natural History, and the Mesa Grande Cultural Park. Mesa's favorable climate and outdoor recreational opportunities, including hiking, golfing, and boating, attract visitors and residents alike.
In summary, Mesa, Arizona, has a rich history that encompasses Native American settlements, European exploration, agricultural development, military contributions, and urban growth. It has evolved into a dynamic city with a diverse economy and a commitment to preserving its heritage while embracing modern progress.
Top Tourist Attractions
Mesa offers a range of attractions that cater to various interests. Here are some of the top tourist attractions in Mesa:
- Mesa Arts Center: This cultural hub is the largest arts and entertainment complex in the Southwest. It features theaters, galleries, studios, and hosts a variety of performances, exhibitions, and classes.
- Arizona Museum of Natural History: This fascinating museum showcases the natural and cultural history of Arizona. Visitors can explore exhibits on dinosaurs, Native American artifacts, and the history of the region.
- Mesa Grande Cultural Park: This ancient Hohokam archaeological site provides a glimpse into the area's Native American history. Visitors can view the remains of a prehistoric Hohokam platform mound and learn about the ancient civilization.
- Usery Mountain Regional Park: Located in the Sonoran Desert, this park offers scenic hiking trails, picnic areas, and camping sites. Visitors can enjoy stunning views of the desert landscape, spot wildlife, and even go horseback riding or mountain biking.
- Golfland Sunsplash: This family-friendly amusement park features miniature golf, go-karts, water slides, and arcade games. It's a perfect place for a day of fun and entertainment.
- Mesa Historical Museum: Situated in a historic school building, this museum showcases the history and development of Mesa. Exhibits include artifacts, photographs, and interactive displays.
- Riparian Preserve at Water Ranch: A lush oasis in the desert, this nature preserve offers walking trails, bird watching opportunities, and serene lake views. It's a great place to relax and appreciate the local wildlife.
- Commemorative Air Force Museum: Aviation enthusiasts will enjoy this museum dedicated to preserving and showcasing vintage military aircraft. Visitors can view historic planes up close and learn about their significance.
- Superstition Mountain Museum: Located just outside of Mesa, this museum focuses on the history and legends of the Superstition Mountains. It features exhibits on mining, the Old West, and the famous Lost Dutchman's Gold Mine.
- Rockin' R Ranch: Experience the Old West at this Western-themed attraction. Visitors can enjoy cowboy-style meals, live entertainment, and even participate in stagecoach rides and gunfight reenactments.
These are just a few examples of the top tourist attractions in Mesa. The city offers a diverse range of activities and experiences, catering to history buffs, nature lovers, art enthusiasts, and families seeking entertainment.
Mesa experiences a desert climate, characterized by hot summers and mild winters. Here are some details about the climate in Mesa:
- Summers (June to September): Summers in Mesa are extremely hot and dry. Average daytime temperatures often exceed 100°F (38°C), and it is not uncommon for temperatures to reach as high as 110°F (43°C) or more. Heatwaves are frequent during this season. Overnight temperatures provide some relief, dropping into the 70s°F (20s°C). Monsoon season typically occurs in July and August, bringing brief but intense thunderstorms with heavy rainfall and occasional dust storms.
- Autumns (October to November): Autumn in Mesa is characterized by gradually decreasing temperatures. Daytime temperatures range from the 80s°F (high 20s°C) to the 90s°F (mid-30s°C) in October, gradually dropping into the 70s°F (20s°C) by November. The evenings become cooler, ranging from the 50s°F (10-15°C) to the 60s°F (15-20°C).
- Winters (December to February): Winters in Mesa are mild and comfortable. Daytime temperatures typically range from the mid-60s°F (high teens°C) to the low 70s°F (low 20s°C). Overnight temperatures can drop into the 40s°F (5-10°C). While snowfall is rare in Mesa, nearby higher elevations such as the Superstition Mountains may see occasional snow.
- Springs (March to May): Springs in Mesa are characterized by gradually increasing temperatures. Daytime temperatures range from the 70s°F (mid-20s°C) in March to the 80s°F (high 20s°C) in April and May. Overnight temperatures gradually warm up, ranging from the 50s°F (10-15°C) to the 60s°F (15-20°C). Springtime is generally pleasant and is considered a popular time to visit.
Throughout the year, Mesa experiences low humidity levels, with an average annual precipitation of around 9 inches (230 mm). The city receives abundant sunshine, with more than 300 days of sunshine per year, making it an attractive destination for outdoor activities.
It's important to note that weather patterns can vary, and extreme heat is a characteristic of the desert climate. It is advisable to take necessary precautions, such as staying hydrated and seeking shade during the hottest parts of the day, especially in the summer months.
Mesa is located in Maricopa County, Arizona, in the southwestern United States. Here are some details about the geography of Mesa:
- Location: Mesa is situated in the central part of Arizona, approximately 20 miles (32 kilometers) east of downtown Phoenix. It is part of the Phoenix metropolitan area and is bordered by the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community to the north and the cities of Tempe and Chandler to the west.
- Elevation: Mesa has an average elevation of about 1,243 feet (379 meters) above sea level. The city's elevation gradually increases as you move east towards the Superstition Mountains.
- Terrain: Mesa is located in the Sonoran Desert, characterized by a rugged desert landscape. The city is surrounded by mountains and hills, including the Superstition Mountains to the east, Usery Mountains to the north, and the San Tan Mountains to the southeast. These natural features offer scenic views and outdoor recreational opportunities.
- Rivers and Waterways: The Salt River flows to the north of Mesa, providing water for agricultural purposes and recreational activities. Several canals, such as the Central Arizona Project Canal and the Salt River Project Canal, run through the city, supplying water for irrigation and municipal use.
- Climate: Mesa experiences a desert climate, with hot summers and mild winters. The city receives abundant sunshine throughout the year and has low humidity levels. Summers are extremely hot, with temperatures frequently exceeding 100°F (38°C), while winters are mild, with daytime temperatures ranging from the mid-60s°F (high teens°C) to the low 70s°F (low 20s°C).
- Vegetation: The natural vegetation in Mesa and its surrounding desert landscape primarily consists of cacti, desert shrubs, and various species of desert-adapted plants. The Sonoran Desert is known for its iconic saguaro cacti, which can be found throughout the region.
Mesa's geography combines the beauty of the desert landscape with the proximity to mountains and waterways. The rugged terrain and unique flora and fauna make it an attractive destination for outdoor enthusiasts, while its location within the Phoenix metropolitan area provides easy access to urban amenities and cultural attractions.