Marietta is a city located in the state of Georgia, United States. It is situated in Cobb County, approximately 20 miles northwest of downtown Atlanta. The history of Marietta dates back to the early 19th century when the area was initially settled.
In 1834, Marietta was founded by a group of individuals led by a judge named Augustus Brevoort Woodward. The city was named after his wife, Mary. The early development of Marietta was influenced by the Western and Atlantic Railroad, which arrived in the area in the 1840s. The railroad played a significant role in the growth and prosperity of the city.
During the Civil War, Marietta was occupied by Union forces in 1864. The city witnessed several battles and skirmishes in its vicinity, including the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain. Many historic buildings in Marietta served as hospitals for wounded soldiers during this period.
After the war, Marietta experienced a slow recovery. The city's economy diversified, with industries such as textiles, mills, and manufacturing taking root. In the early 20th century, Marietta saw further growth with the arrival of the Southern Polytechnic School (now part of Kennesaw State University) and the Lockheed Martin Corporation, which established a presence in the city.
Marietta's historical significance is preserved through its numerous landmarks and historic sites. The Marietta Square is the heart of the city, featuring a picturesque town square with a courthouse, shops, restaurants, and events throughout the year. The Glover Park Concert Series, held in the square, is a popular summer event.
The Marietta National Cemetery is a poignant reminder of the city's role in the Civil War. It is the final resting place for thousands of soldiers who perished in the conflict. The Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park, located just outside Marietta, offers visitors the opportunity to explore the historic battlegrounds and learn about the area's military history.
Marietta has also seen significant growth and development in recent decades. It is home to a thriving business community, including numerous high-tech companies and healthcare institutions. The city has a strong sense of community and is known for its quality of life, excellent schools, and vibrant cultural scene.
Overall, Marietta, Georgia, has a rich and diverse history that encompasses its founding, its role in the Civil War, and its growth as a modern city. It remains a place where the past and the present come together, creating a unique and dynamic community.
Top Tourist Attractions
Marietta offers a variety of attractions that cater to both residents and tourists. Here are some of the top tourist attractions in Marietta:
- Marietta Square: The historic Marietta Square is a charming downtown area filled with unique shops, restaurants, and art galleries. It features a picturesque park, Glover Park, where you can relax, enjoy a picnic, or attend concerts and festivals.
- Marietta Museum of History: Located in the Kennesaw House, which served as a hospital during the Civil War, the Marietta Museum of History showcases the city's rich heritage through exhibits, artifacts, photographs, and interactive displays.
- Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park: Just a short drive from Marietta, this park preserves the historic battlegrounds of the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain. Visitors can explore the Civil War trenches, hike scenic trails, and learn about the significance of the battle.
- Gone with the Wind Museum: Situated in the Marietta Depot, the Gone with the Wind Museum is dedicated to the famous novel and film. It houses an extensive collection of memorabilia, costumes, and exhibits related to Margaret Mitchell's iconic work.
- Marietta/Cobb Museum of Art: This art museum features a diverse collection of contemporary and traditional artwork. It hosts rotating exhibitions, educational programs, and art classes for visitors of all ages.
- Marietta Fire Museum: Housed in a historic firehouse, the Marietta Fire Museum showcases the history of firefighting in the area. Visitors can see vintage fire trucks, equipment, and learn about the brave firefighters who served the community.
- Root House Museum: The Root House Museum is a preserved Victorian home that provides a glimpse into the lives of a prominent Marietta family during the 19th century. The house is furnished with period pieces, and guided tours are available.
- Smith-Gilbert Gardens: Located nearby in Kennesaw, Smith-Gilbert Gardens is a botanical garden featuring over 3,000 plant species spread across 16 acres. The gardens include various themed areas, including a Japanese garden, a rose garden, and a children's garden.
- Marietta Food Tours: For culinary enthusiasts, Marietta offers food tours that take visitors on a gastronomic journey through the city's diverse dining scene. These tours provide an opportunity to sample local cuisine and learn about the city's history and culture.
- Earl and Rachel Smith Strand Theatre: This historic theater in downtown Marietta hosts a variety of performances, including live theater, concerts, and classic film screenings. It is a great place to catch a show and experience the city's vibrant arts scene.
These are just a few examples of the top tourist attractions in Marietta. The city offers a blend of history, culture, outdoor recreation, and entertainment, making it a delightful destination for visitors.
The city experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot and humid summers and mild winters. Here are some details about the climate in Marietta:
- Summers (June to August): Summers in Marietta are hot and humid, with average high temperatures ranging from the upper 80s°F (around 31°C) to the low 90s°F (around 32-34°C). Heatwaves can push temperatures into the mid to upper 90s°F (around 35-37°C). High humidity levels can make it feel even hotter. Thunderstorms are common during the summer months.
- Spring and Fall (March to May and September to November): Spring and fall in Marietta are generally mild and pleasant. High temperatures range from the 60s°F (around 15-20°C) in March to the 70s°F (around 21-26°C) in May and from the 70s°F (around 21-26°C) in September to the 60s°F (around 15-20°C) in November. These seasons experience more rainfall compared to the summer and winter months.
- Winters (December to February): Winters in Marietta are relatively mild, but temperatures can vary. Average high temperatures range from the low 50s°F (around 10-12°C) in December and January to the mid-50s°F (around 12-14°C) in February. Overnight lows can drop to around freezing or slightly below. Snowfall is possible but generally rare, with occasional light snow or ice storms.
- Precipitation: Marietta receives moderate rainfall throughout the year, with slightly higher amounts in spring and summer. The wettest months are typically March, July, and December. Thunderstorms are common during the warmer months, and the area can occasionally be affected by tropical systems or remnants of hurricanes, bringing heavy rainfall.
It's important to note that weather patterns can vary from year to year, and extreme events like heatwaves or cold snaps can occur. It's advisable to check local weather forecasts for the most up-to-date information when planning a trip to Marietta.
- Coordinates: Marietta is situated at approximately 33.9526° N latitude and 84.5499° W longitude.
- Elevation: The city has an average elevation of around 1,050 feet (320 meters) above sea level, which is relatively higher compared to other parts of Georgia.
- Topography: Marietta is located in Cobb County, nestled in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. The area features rolling hills, valleys, and small streams.
- Chattahoochee River: The Chattahoochee River, a significant waterway in the southeastern United States, flows to the south of Marietta. It provides recreational opportunities for residents and visitors, including boating, fishing, and hiking along its banks.
- Kennesaw Mountain: Located just outside Marietta, Kennesaw Mountain rises to an elevation of 1,808 feet (551 meters). It is part of the Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park and offers hiking trails, historical sites, and scenic views of the surrounding area.
- Climate: As mentioned earlier, Marietta experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters. The area receives moderate rainfall throughout the year.
- Proximity to Atlanta: Marietta is located approximately 20 miles (32 kilometers) northwest of downtown Atlanta. It is considered part of the Atlanta metropolitan area and benefits from its proximity to the larger city in terms of economic opportunities and cultural amenities.
These geographical features contribute to the natural beauty and recreational opportunities in and around Marietta. The city's location in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains offers a pleasant setting for residents and visitors alike.