- Mount Pleasant of Edinboro
- 14510 Mt. Pleasant Rd. - Cambridge Springs
- Pennsylvania 16403 - United States
- (814) 734-1641
- [email protected]
Cambridge Springs is a borough located in northwestern Pennsylvania, United States. It is situated in Crawford County and has a rich history dating back to the early 19th century. Here is an overview of the history of Cambridge Springs:
- Early Settlement: The area where Cambridge Springs is located was initially inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Eriez and Iroquois nations. European settlers began to arrive in the late 18th century, and by the early 19th century, the land around Cambridge Springs was settled by pioneers.
- Mineral Springs Era: The town's history is closely tied to the discovery of mineral springs in the mid-19th century. In 1822, a hunter named John McLure found a natural spring while pursuing a wounded deer. The spring was named Cambridge Spring after McLure's hometown in Massachusetts. It was believed that the mineral water had health benefits, attracting visitors seeking therapeutic treatments.
- Development as a Resort Town: In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Cambridge Springs became a popular resort town. Several grand hotels were constructed, including the Riverside Inn, which opened in 1885 and became the most famous and luxurious hotel in the region. Wealthy visitors from Pittsburgh, Cleveland, and other nearby cities flocked to Cambridge Springs to enjoy the healing waters and leisure activities.
- Chess Legacy: Cambridge Springs gained international recognition in 1904 when it hosted the famous Cambridge Springs Chess Tournament. This tournament attracted some of the world's best chess players, including future world champions Emanuel Lasker and José Capablanca. The tournament put Cambridge Springs on the map in the chess world and established its reputation as a chess destination.
- Decline as a Resort: With the decline in popularity of mineral springs and the advent of new modes of transportation, Cambridge Springs experienced a decline as a resort town in the mid-20th century. The grand hotels gradually closed, and the town shifted its focus to other industries, such as agriculture and manufacturing.
- Preservation Efforts: Despite the decline of its resort era, Cambridge Springs has made efforts to preserve its historic charm. The Riverside Inn, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, has been renovated and continues to operate as a hotel and restaurant. The town also maintains its historical buildings and landmarks.
Today, Cambridge Springs is a small, quiet community with a population of around 2,000 residents. It retains some of its historic architecture and remains known for its association with chess history. The town celebrates its heritage through various events and activities, including the annual Cambridge Springs Heritage Days festival, which showcases the town's history and cultural traditions.
Overall, Cambridge Springs, Pennsylvania, has a fascinating history rooted in its mineral springs era, renowned chess tournament, and former status as a popular resort town.
Top Tourist Attractions
While Cambridge Springs is a small town, it offers several attractions that visitors can enjoy. Here are some of the top tourist attractions:
- Riverside Inn: The Riverside Inn is a historic hotel and restaurant that dates back to 1885. It was once a prominent resort hotel and continues to offer a charming and elegant atmosphere. Visitors can explore the beautiful grounds, dine in the restaurant, or even stay overnight in one of its well-appointed rooms.
- Cambridge Springs Chessboard: As a tribute to the town's chess legacy, there is a giant outdoor chessboard located in downtown Cambridge Springs. Chess enthusiasts and visitors can enjoy playing a game of chess on the oversized chessboard, adding a unique touch to the town's character.
- Davenport Fruit Farm: Located just outside of Cambridge Springs, the Davenport Fruit Farm is a popular destination for those looking to enjoy fresh produce and a farm experience. Visitors can pick their own fruits, such as apples, peaches, and strawberries, during the appropriate seasons.
- Riverside Park: Situated along French Creek, Riverside Park offers a peaceful and scenic setting for outdoor recreation. The park features picnic areas, playgrounds, walking trails, and access to the creek for fishing or kayaking. It's a great spot to relax, have a picnic, or enjoy nature.
- Grange Fairgrounds: The Crawford County Fairgrounds, also known as the Grange Fairgrounds, hosts various events throughout the year. One of the most popular events is the Crawford County Fair, which takes place in August and features agricultural exhibits, livestock shows, entertainment, rides, and delicious fair food.
- Cambridge Springs Heritage Days: This annual festival, usually held in July, celebrates the town's heritage with live music, food vendors, craft booths, historical displays, and various activities for all ages. It's a great opportunity to experience the community spirit and learn more about Cambridge Springs' history.
While the list of attractions in Cambridge Springs is not extensive, the town's charm lies in its small-town atmosphere, historical significance, and the opportunity to relax and enjoy the natural beauty of the surrounding area.
Cambridge Springs experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons. Here is an overview of the local climate:
- Spring (March to May): Spring in Cambridge Springs is mild and often sees a transition from colder temperatures to warmer conditions. Average temperatures in March range from around 32°F (0°C) to 49°F (9°C), increasing to 44°F (7°C) to 64°F (18°C) in May. Spring is a relatively wet season, with moderate rainfall.
- Summer (June to August): Summers in Cambridge Springs are warm and sometimes humid. Average temperatures in June range from 54°F (12°C) to 77°F (25°C) and increase to 62°F (17°C) to 81°F (27°C) in August. It is the wettest season of the year, with occasional thunderstorms and precipitation.
- Autumn (September to November): Autumn in Cambridge Springs is characterized by mild temperatures and beautiful fall foliage. September sees average temperatures ranging from 55°F (13°C) to 77°F (25°C), while November sees temperatures dropping to around 33°F (1°C) to 50°F (10°C). The season is generally drier than summer.
- Winter (December to February): Winters in Cambridge Springs can be cold and snowy. Average temperatures in December range from 25°F (-4°C) to 40°F (4°C), and in February, temperatures range from 20°F (-7°C) to 35°F (2°C). Snowfall is common, and the region typically receives several inches of snow throughout the winter season.
It's important to note that these temperature ranges and weather patterns can vary from year to year. It is advisable to check weather forecasts and local conditions closer to the time of your visit for more accurate information.
- Location: Cambridge Springs is situated in the northwestern part of Pennsylvania, approximately 30 miles (48 kilometers) south of the city of Erie. It is nestled in the French Creek Valley, surrounded by rural areas and farmland.
- Topography: The topography of Cambridge Springs is characterized by gently rolling hills and valleys. The town is located in an area where the Appalachian Plateau transitions into the Lake Erie Lowland. The nearby French Creek, a tributary of the Allegheny River, flows through the area, adding to the scenic beauty.
- French Creek: French Creek is an important natural feature near Cambridge Springs. It meanders through the landscape and provides opportunities for outdoor activities such as fishing, boating, and kayaking. The creek is known for its diverse ecosystem and is designated as a National Wild and Scenic River.
- Surrounding Lakes: Cambridge Springs is in proximity to several lakes, offering recreational opportunities. Conneaut Lake, the largest natural lake in Pennsylvania, is located about 15 miles (24 kilometers) north of the town. It is a popular destination for boating, fishing, and swimming. Other nearby lakes include Pymatuning Lake and Lake Wilhelm.
- Farmland: The surrounding area of Cambridge Springs is primarily rural, with extensive agricultural land use. The fertile soil supports various crops, including corn, soybeans, wheat, and vegetables. The presence of farmland adds to the scenic beauty of the region.
Overall, Cambridge Springs is situated in a picturesque part of northwestern Pennsylvania, characterized by rolling hills, fertile farmland, and the nearby presence of French Creek and several lakes. The natural beauty and rural setting contribute to the town's charm and appeal.