- The Pentacrest
- 300 Plaza Centre One - Iowa City
- Iowa 52242 - United States
- [email protected]
Iowa City is a city located in Johnson County, Iowa, in the Midwestern United States. It is known for being the first capital city of Iowa, as well as being the home of the University of Iowa.
The area that is now Iowa City was first inhabited by Native American tribes, including the Iowa, Sauk, and Fox. European explorers arrived in the area in the late 1600s, and by the early 1800s, settlers began moving to the region.
In 1839, Iowa City was chosen as the site for the first capital of the Iowa Territory. The first capitol building was constructed in 1840, and the city quickly grew as government officials and other settlers moved to the area. In 1846, Iowa City became the capital of the new state of Iowa, but the capital was moved to Des Moines in 1857.
During the Civil War, Iowa City served as a center for recruitment and training of Union soldiers. The University of Iowa, which had been founded in 1847, also played an important role during this time, as it provided medical care and training for soldiers.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Iowa City experienced a period of growth and prosperity. The city became known for its vibrant arts scene, and many notable writers and artists, including Mark Twain and Grant Wood, spent time in the city.
Today, Iowa City is a thriving community with a population of over 75,000 people. It is home to the University of Iowa, which is one of the largest employers in the state, as well as a number of other cultural and educational institutions. The city has a rich history and is known for its historic architecture, museums, and vibrant downtown area.
Iowa City Top Tourist Attractions
Iowa City is a great place to visit for tourists as it has many attractions that showcase its unique history and culture. Here are some popular tourist attractions in Iowa City:
- Old Capitol Museum: The Old Capitol Museum is a historic building that was once the state capitol of Iowa. Today, it houses a museum that showcases the history of Iowa and the University of Iowa.
- University of Iowa: The University of Iowa is a major research institution and cultural center that offers a wide range of educational and cultural programs. Visitors can explore the campus, visit museums and galleries, attend concerts and performances, and more.
- Iowa City Farmers Market: The Iowa City Farmers Market is a popular destination for foodies and fans of fresh, locally sourced produce. The market is open every Saturday from May through October.
- Devonian Fossil Gorge: The Devonian Fossil Gorge is a unique geological formation that was created by a flood in 1993. Visitors can explore the gorge and see fossils from the Devonian period.
- Iowa Avenue Literary Walk: The Iowa Avenue Literary Walk is a tribute to the many writers who have lived and worked in Iowa City. The walk features bronze panels that commemorate the lives and works of these writers.
- Hancher Auditorium: Hancher Auditorium is a world-class performing arts venue that hosts concerts, plays, and other cultural events. The building was destroyed in the 2008 flood, but a new, state-of-the-art facility has been built in its place.
- Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum: The Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum is located just outside of Iowa City in West Branch, Iowa. The museum showcases the life and legacy of President Hoover, who was born in Iowa and served as the 31st president of the United States.
These are just a few of the many tourist attractions in Iowa City. Whether you're interested in history, culture, or the arts, there is something for everyone to enjoy in this vibrant Midwestern city.
Iowa City Climate
Iowa City has a humid continental climate, which is characterized by hot summers, cold winters, and four distinct seasons. Here are some details about the climate in Iowa City:
- Summer: Iowa City's summers are hot and humid, with average temperatures in the mid to upper 80s Fahrenheit (around 30°C). Heat waves are common, and temperatures can occasionally rise into the 90s Fahrenheit (above 32°C). Thunderstorms are also common during the summer months.
- Fall: Fall in Iowa City is typically mild and pleasant, with temperatures cooling down gradually from the summer highs. Average temperatures in the fall range from the mid-50s to mid-60s Fahrenheit (around 12-18°C), and fall foliage is a popular attraction in the area.
- Winter: Iowa City's winters are cold and snowy, with average temperatures in the mid-20s to low 30s Fahrenheit (around -4 to 0°C). Snowfall is common, and the city usually receives around 30 inches (76 cm) of snow per year. Winter sports such as ice skating and skiing are popular activities in the area.
- Spring: Spring in Iowa City is often wet, with frequent rain showers and occasional thunderstorms. Temperatures gradually warm up from the winter lows, with average temperatures in the 50s to low 60s Fahrenheit (around 10-16°C).
Overall, Iowa City has a varied climate with distinct seasons, and visitors should be prepared for a range of weather conditions depending on the time of year they plan to visit.
Iowa City Geography
Iowa City is located in the eastern part of the state of Iowa in the United States. It is situated in Johnson County and is part of the Iowa City Metropolitan Statistical Area. Here are some details about the geography of Iowa City:
- Location: Iowa City is located about 60 miles (97 km) west of the Mississippi River and about 250 miles (400 km) west of Chicago, Illinois. It is also about 100 miles (161 km) east of Des Moines, the capital of Iowa.
- Topography: Iowa City is situated in a region of gently rolling hills and fertile farmland. The city is located on the banks of the Iowa River, which is a tributary of the Mississippi River. The surrounding area is primarily agricultural, with corn and soybeans being the most common crops.
- Climate: Iowa City has a humid continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters. The city receives around 30 inches (76 cm) of snow per year, and the average temperature in January, the coldest month, is around 23°F (-5°C). The average temperature in July, the warmest month, is around 76°F (24°C).
- Size: Iowa City covers an area of around 25.3 square miles (65.5 square kilometers). The city has a population of over 75,000 people, making it the fifth-largest city in Iowa.
Overall, Iowa City is situated in a scenic and fertile region of the state, with gently rolling hills and a temperate climate. The Iowa River and surrounding farmland add to the city's natural beauty and provide opportunities for outdoor recreation.
The Pentacrest is a historic area located at the center of the University of Iowa campus in Iowa City. It is named for the five buildings that surround a central lawn, which form a pentagon shape. Here is some information about each of the buildings on the Pentacrest:
- Old Capitol Building: The Old Capitol Building is the most prominent building on the Pentacrest. It was the first capitol building of the state of Iowa and served as the main building of the University of Iowa until 1934. Today, it is a museum that showcases the history of the state and the university.
- Schaeffer Hall: Schaeffer Hall is a historic academic building that was built in the late 19th century. It is home to the university's College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
- Macbride Hall: Macbride Hall is an academic building that houses several departments within the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, including the departments of anthropology, geoscience, and biology.
- Jessup Hall: Jessup Hall is an administrative building that houses the offices of the university president, the provost, and other administrative officials.
- MacLean Hall: MacLean Hall is an academic building that houses the departments of psychology and sociology, as well as the University of Iowa Museum of Natural History.
The Pentacrest is a popular gathering place for students, faculty, and visitors to the university. It is also the site of many cultural and social events throughout the year, including concerts, festivals, and rallies. The historic architecture and central location make the Pentacrest one of the most recognizable and beloved landmarks in Iowa City.