- 32 Court Street - Exeter
- New Hampshire 03833 - United States
Exeter is a town located in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. It has a rich history dating back to the colonial era and played a significant role in the American Revolution. Here's an overview of the Exeter's history:
Colonial Era: Exeter was settled in 1638 by Reverend John Wheelwright, a religious dissenter from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Wheelwright and a group of followers established the settlement, which they named "Exeter" after a town in Devon, England. Exeter became one of the four original towns in the New Hampshire colony.
American Revolution: During the American Revolution, Exeter became a center of political activity. In 1774, it hosted the first Provincial Congress of New Hampshire, where local leaders discussed their grievances with British rule. The Congress appointed John Sullivan as a brigadier general, and he later played a crucial role in the war.
Exeter was also the capital of New Hampshire from 1775 to 1781, serving as the headquarters of the Revolutionary government. The town became an important center for military operations, and General George Washington visited Exeter twice during the war.
Phillips Exeter Academy: In 1781, the Phillips Exeter Academy was founded in Exeter. It is one of the oldest and most prestigious secondary schools in the United States. The academy has played a significant role in shaping the town's culture and education.
Industrialization and Growth: In the 19th century, Exeter experienced economic growth through industrialization. The Exeter Manufacturing Company, founded in 1827, became a major textile mill employing hundreds of workers. The manufacturing sector thrived, and other industries, including shoe manufacturing and brickmaking, also emerged.
Modern Era: Exeter continued to grow throughout the 20th century. The town preserved its historic character, and many colonial-era buildings still stand today, including the American Independence Museum, which showcases the town's role in the Revolution.
Today, Exeter remains a vibrant New England town with a blend of historical charm and modern amenities. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, educational institutions, and a strong sense of community. The town attracts visitors who are interested in history, as well as those who appreciate the town's natural beauty and recreational opportunities.
Top Tourist Attractions
Exeter offers a range of attractions that appeal to both history enthusiasts and nature lovers. Here are some of the top tourist attractions in Exeter:
- American Independence Museum: Housed in the Ladd-Gilman House, a historic Georgian-style mansion, the American Independence Museum showcases artifacts and exhibits related to New Hampshire's role in the American Revolution. Visitors can explore the museum's collection of documents, furniture, and Revolutionary War-era artifacts.
- Phillips Exeter Academy: Founded in 1781, Phillips Exeter Academy is one of the most prestigious secondary schools in the United States. The campus features beautiful architecture, including the iconic Academy Building. While access to the school's buildings may be limited, visitors can still appreciate the exterior beauty of the campus.
- Gilman Park and Swasey Parkway: These adjacent parks provide a scenic escape with their green spaces, walking paths, and waterfront views. Gilman Park features a gazebo, picnic areas, and a boat launch, while Swasey Parkway offers open fields, a bandstand, and a riverside walkway.
- Exeter Town Hall: Located in the heart of downtown, the Exeter Town Hall is a historic landmark. Its clock tower is a recognizable symbol of the town. The building is home to various municipal offices and often hosts community events and performances.
- Exeter Historical Society: The Exeter Historical Society promotes and preserves the town's history. The society's headquarters, known as the Exeter Historical Society Museum, features exhibits and collections related to Exeter's past. Visitors can learn about the town's colonial roots, industrial heritage, and notable residents.
- Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge: Situated just outside Exeter, the Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge offers opportunities for nature lovers. The refuge encompasses over 1,000 acres of diverse habitats, including woodlands, salt marshes, and tidal flats. Visitors can enjoy hiking, bird-watching, photography, and nature exploration.
- Exeter River Cooperative: This local cooperative farm is dedicated to sustainable agriculture. Visitors can explore the farm, participate in educational programs, and purchase fresh produce, flowers, and other farm products.
- Phillips Exeter Trail System: The Phillips Exeter Academy maintains an extensive trail network that winds through forests and fields surrounding the campus. The trails are open to the public and provide opportunities for walking, running, and enjoying nature.
These attractions offer a glimpse into Exeter's history, natural beauty, and community spirit, making the town a delightful destination for visitors of all interests.
Exeter experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons. Here's an overview of the climate in Exeter:
- Spring (March to May): Spring in Exeter brings mild temperatures that gradually increase over the season. Average daytime temperatures range from the 40s Fahrenheit (5-10 degrees Celsius) in March to the 60s Fahrenheit (15-20 degrees Celsius) in May. However, temperatures can vary, and occasional cold snaps or late-season snowstorms may occur.
- Summer (June to August): Exeter's summers are warm and humid. Average daytime temperatures range from the 70s Fahrenheit (20-25 degrees Celsius) in June to the 80s Fahrenheit (around 30 degrees Celsius) in July and August. Heatwaves with temperatures exceeding 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) are not uncommon, but generally, summer evenings bring some relief with cooler temperatures.
- Autumn (September to November): Autumn in Exeter is a beautiful season marked by colorful foliage. September begins with warm temperatures in the 70s Fahrenheit (20-25 degrees Celsius) but gradually cools down. By November, average daytime temperatures range from the 40s Fahrenheit (5-10 degrees Celsius) to the 50s Fahrenheit (10-15 degrees Celsius).
- Winter (December to February): Winters in Exeter are cold with occasional snowfall. Average daytime temperatures range from the 30s Fahrenheit (around 0 degrees Celsius) to the low 40s Fahrenheit (5 degrees Celsius). However, temperatures can drop below freezing, and snowstorms are common, particularly in January and February.
Exeter experiences moderate precipitation throughout the year, with slightly higher rainfall in the warmer months. Snowfall is common in winter, contributing to the picturesque New England winter landscapes.
It's worth noting that these climate descriptions are general and can vary from year to year. It's always a good idea to check the local weather forecast before visiting Exeter to prepare for the specific conditions during your visit.
Exeter is a town located in Rockingham County, southeastern New Hampshire, United States. It is situated along the banks of the Exeter River, which flows through the town. Here's an overview of Exeter's geography:
- Location: Exeter is located approximately 14 miles (22 kilometers) east of the state capital, Concord, and about 9 miles (14 kilometers) northwest of the coastal city of Portsmouth. It is positioned in the southeastern part of New Hampshire, close to the border with Massachusetts.
- Topography: The town of Exeter covers an area of about 21 square miles (54 square kilometers). It is characterized by a varied topography that includes rolling hills, forests, and fertile valleys. The Exeter River, a tributary of the Squamscott River, flows through the town center.
- Conservation Areas: Exeter is home to several natural and conservation areas that provide opportunities for outdoor recreation and preservation of the environment. These include the Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge, which borders the town and encompasses wetlands, forests, and tidal flats. There are also local parks and trails within Exeter, such as Gilman Park and the Phillips Exeter Trail System.
- Surrounding Areas: Exeter is surrounded by other towns within Rockingham County, including Stratham to the south, Brentwood to the west, Kensington to the northeast, and Newfields to the northwest. The Atlantic Ocean lies to the east, with the coastal town of Hampton nearby.
- Access: Exeter is well-connected to other parts of New Hampshire and the New England region. It is intersected by several major highways, including Route 101, which provides convenient access to Interstate 95. The town also has its own Amtrak train station, making it accessible by rail.
Overall, Exeter's geography offers a mix of natural beauty, including rivers, forests, and conservation areas, while being conveniently located near both the New Hampshire coast and larger urban areas. Its location provides residents and visitors with opportunities for outdoor activities, scenic drives, and exploration of the surrounding region.