- Port of Gladstone
- 40 Goondoon Street - Gladstone
- QLD 4680 - Australia
- 07 4976 1333
The town of Seventeen Seventy, also known as 1770, is located in the Gladstone Region of Queensland, Australia. It is a popular tourist destination known for its beautiful beaches, picturesque landscapes, and historical significance. Here's a brief overview of the history of Seventeen Seventy:
Discovery and Naming: Seventeen Seventy is named after the year 1770 when Captain James Cook, the famous British explorer, made his historic landing in the area. On 24 May 1770, Cook and his crew aboard the HMS Endeavour arrived at the site, making it the second place in Australia where Europeans set foot (the first being Botany Bay). Cook's expedition marked the beginning of British interest in Australia and eventually led to the colonization of the continent.
Cook's Landing: During Cook's time in the area, he and his crew spent several days exploring and charting the coastline. The Endeavour made landfall near the mouth of the Bustard Bay, and Cook went ashore to make repairs to the ship and collect botanical specimens. It was during this time that Cook's botanists, Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander, discovered and collected numerous plant species previously unknown to Europeans.
Significance: The landing of Captain Cook in Seventeen Seventy holds historical significance as it marked the first recorded contact between European explorers and the Indigenous people of Australia. Cook's interactions with the local Indigenous people, particularly the Gooreng Gooreng and the Byellee Aboriginal clans, have been recorded in his journals and those of his crew members. These encounters shed light on the early cultural exchanges between Europeans and Aboriginal Australians.
Development of Seventeen Seventy: The town of Seventeen Seventy began to develop in the late 1800s and early 1900s. It initially served as a base for the timber industry, with cedar being a significant export. The area also attracted fishermen and holidaymakers drawn to its natural beauty and abundant marine life.
Tourism and Recreation: Today, Seventeen Seventy is primarily a tourist destination. Its pristine beaches, crystal-clear waters, and surrounding national parks attract visitors who enjoy swimming, fishing, boating, and other water-based activities. The town offers various accommodations, including resorts, holiday rentals, and camping sites.
Monuments and Memorials: To commemorate Captain Cook's landing, there are several monuments and memorials in Seventeen Seventy. The most prominent one is the Cook Monument, erected in 1970 to mark the bicentenary of Cook's landing. It is located on the headland overlooking the bay and provides panoramic views of the surrounding area.
In summary, Seventeen Seventy in Gladstone, Queensland, holds historical significance as the site where Captain James Cook and his crew landed in 1770. Today, it is a popular tourist destination known for its natural beauty, recreational activities, and cultural heritage.
Top Tourist Attractions
1770 offers a range of tourist attractions that showcase the area's natural beauty, historical significance, and recreational opportunities. Here are some of the top attractions in Seventeen Seventy:
- Joseph Banks Conservation Park: This park is named after Joseph Banks, the botanist who accompanied Captain Cook on his expedition. It features walking trails that wind through coastal dunes, mangroves, and wetlands, allowing visitors to observe the region's diverse plant and animal life.
- Captain Cook's Monument: Located on a headland overlooking the bay, this monument commemorates Captain Cook's landing in 1770. It offers stunning views of the coastline and serves as a popular spot for taking photos.
- Bustard Head Lighthouse: Accessible by boat or a guided tour, the Bustard Head Lighthouse is a historic landmark built in 1868. Visitors can explore the lighthouse grounds, learn about its maritime history, and enjoy panoramic views of the ocean.
- Lady Musgrave Island: A short boat trip from Seventeen Seventy, Lady Musgrave Island is part of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. It is a paradise for snorkelers and divers, with crystal-clear waters, vibrant coral reefs, and a variety of marine life, including turtles and tropical fish.
- Agnes Water Beach: Just a few kilometers south of Seventeen Seventy, Agnes Water Beach offers a pristine stretch of coastline perfect for swimming, sunbathing, and beach activities. The beach is known for its picturesque scenery and relaxed atmosphere.
- Round Hill Lookout: Situated in the Round Hill Headland Reserve, this lookout provides panoramic views of the town, the coastline, and the surrounding ocean. It's an excellent spot for watching the sunrise or sunset.
- Paperbark Forest Boardwalk: Located within the Joseph Banks Conservation Park, this boardwalk takes visitors through a unique ecosystem of paperbark trees, mangroves, and wetlands. It's an opportunity to observe native bird species and experience the tranquility of the area.
- Deepwater National Park: A short drive from Seventeen Seventy, Deepwater National Park offers scenic coastal landscapes, walking trails, and secluded beaches. Visitors can explore the park's diverse ecosystems, go camping, or enjoy picnicking by the beach.
- 1770 Marina: The marina is a hub for boating enthusiasts and offers various water-based activities, including fishing charters, boat tours, and sunset cruises. It's also a great place to dine at waterfront restaurants or enjoy a drink with views of the harbor.
- Sunset Tours: Several tour operators in Seventeen Seventy offer sunset cruises and tours that take you along the coastline to witness the stunning colors of the sunset over the ocean. It's a romantic and memorable way to end a day in the area.
These are just a few of the many attractions and activities available in Seventeen Seventy. Whether you're interested in history, nature, or outdoor adventures, the town and its surroundings have something to offer for every visitor.
The climate can be described as subtropical with mild winters and warm to hot summers. Here are some details about the climate in the area:
- Summers (December to February): Summers in Seventeen Seventy are typically warm to hot with high humidity. Average daytime temperatures range from 28°C (82°F) to 32°C (90°F). January is usually the warmest month. Thunderstorms are common during this season, bringing occasional heavy rainfall.
- Autumn (March to May): Autumn is generally a pleasant season in Seventeen Seventy. Temperatures gradually start to cool down, with average daytime temperatures ranging from 24°C (75°F) to 28°C (82°F). It is a good time to visit if you prefer milder weather and want to avoid the peak tourist season.
- Winter (June to August): Winters in Seventeen Seventy are mild and comfortable. Average daytime temperatures range from 20°C (68°F) to 23°C (73°F). Nights can be cooler, with temperatures dropping to around 10°C (50°F). It's a popular time for outdoor activities and exploring the area's natural beauty.
- Spring (September to November): Spring is a pleasant season characterized by gradually warming temperatures. Average daytime temperatures range from 24°C (75°F) to 28°C (82°F). It's a beautiful time to visit as the vegetation flourishes, and wildflowers bloom throughout the region.
- Rainfall: Seventeen Seventy experiences rainfall throughout the year, but the wettest months are typically December to March. The area receives a significant amount of rainfall during the summer months, often in the form of thunderstorms. It is advisable to check the weather forecast and plan outdoor activities accordingly.
Overall, Seventeen Seventy has a pleasant climate, making it a suitable destination for outdoor activities and exploring the natural attractions in the area. Remember to pack appropriate clothing and sun protection when visiting, and be prepared for the possibility of rain during the wetter months.
The town is situated on the eastern coast of the region, between the Coral Sea to the east and a range of hills to the west. Here are some details about the geography of Seventeen Seventy:
- Coastal Setting: Seventeen Seventy is located on a picturesque coastline known as the Discovery Coast. The town's main beach faces east towards the Coral Sea, offering stunning views of the ocean. The coastal area features sandy beaches, rocky headlands, and clear turquoise waters.
- Bustard Bay: Bustard Bay is a large bay situated to the south of Seventeen Seventy. It is named after the bustard, a bird species found in the area. Bustard Bay is where Captain James Cook made his historic landing in 1770, and it is an important historical site. The bay provides a sheltered area for boating and water-based activities.
- Inlet and Waterways: The town is bordered by several waterways, including Round Hill Creek and Eurimbula Creek. These waterways offer opportunities for boating, fishing, and exploring the mangrove forests and wetland areas. Round Hill Creek provides access to the Great Barrier Reef and the nearby Lady Musgrave Island.
- National Parks: Seventeen Seventy is surrounded by natural beauty and national parks. To the south, Deepwater National Park offers rugged coastal landscapes, sandy beaches, and diverse flora and fauna. Joseph Banks Conservation Park, named after the botanist who accompanied Cook, is located north of the town and features walking trails through diverse ecosystems.
- Hilly Terrain: The landscape around Seventeen Seventy is characterized by undulating hills and forested areas. The hills provide a scenic backdrop to the town and contribute to the region's natural beauty.
- Great Barrier Reef: While not directly located in Seventeen Seventy, the town is in close proximity to the Great Barrier Reef. The reef is one of the world's most renowned natural wonders, and access to it can be reached from Seventeen Seventy via boat tours and trips to Lady Musgrave Island.
Overall, the geography of Seventeen Seventy is defined by its stunning coastal setting, with sandy beaches, rocky headlands, and access to waterways and national parks. Its location on the eastern coast of Australia provides opportunities for a range of outdoor activities and exploration of the region's diverse ecosystems.