- St Austell Business Park
- Cornwall PL25 4FD - England
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St. Austell is a town located in Cornwall, England. It has a rich history that dates back centuries. Here's an overview of its history:
Early History: The area around St. Austell has evidence of human settlement dating back to prehistoric times. The town's name is derived from the Cornish words "sen" (meaning "holy") and "oustel" (meaning "osteol," which refers to a small church or chapel).
Mining and Industrial Revolution: St. Austell's history is closely tied to its mining industry, particularly its china clay (kaolin) production. China clay is a type of fine white clay used in the production of ceramics, paper, and other products. The industry began to flourish in the 18th century, and St. Austell became a significant center for clay extraction and processing.
Development of the Town: As the mining industry grew, so did the town itself. The population expanded, and the town saw the construction of various infrastructure and facilities, including churches, schools, and other amenities.
Clay Industry: The 19th and early 20th centuries marked the peak of the china clay industry in St. Austell. The industry provided employment for a large portion of the local population and significantly impacted the town's economy. The distinctive white clay pits and the associated landscape are still visible in the area today.
Cultural and Historical Sites: St. Austell is home to several historic sites and landmarks, including the Holy Trinity Parish Church, which dates back to the 15th century. The Wheal Martyn Museum and Country Park provides insights into the region's mining history and cultural heritage.
Modern Times: The decline of the china clay industry in the latter half of the 20th century led to economic challenges for the town. However, St. Austell has been making efforts to diversify its economy and promote tourism.
Tourism and Regeneration: In recent years, St. Austell has focused on redeveloping its town center and promoting tourism. The Eden Project, an iconic attraction featuring biomes housing various plant species from around the world, is located nearby and has become a major draw for visitors.
Community and Culture: St. Austell hosts various events and festivals that celebrate its culture and history. The town's historic past is still evident in its architecture, streets, and local traditions.
St. Austell's history is deeply intertwined with its industrial heritage, and while the china clay industry's prominence has waned, the town continues to evolve and adapt to the changing economic landscape while preserving its historical roots.
Top Tourist Attractions
St. Austell and its surrounding area offer a variety of tourist attractions that cater to different interests. Here are some of the top attractions in and around St. Austell:
- Eden Project: One of the most famous attractions in the region, the Eden Project is a unique ecological park featuring giant biomes that house diverse plant species from around the world. It's not only an educational experience but also a stunning visual spectacle.
- Lost Gardens of Heligan: These historic gardens were rediscovered and restored in the 1990s after years of neglect. The Lost Gardens of Heligan offer beautifully landscaped gardens, mysterious sculptures, and a fascinating glimpse into the history of gardening.
- Charlestown Harbour: A picturesque Georgian harbor located near St. Austell, Charlestown is known for its well-preserved tall ships and historic maritime charm. It's a popular filming location for period dramas.
- Wheal Martyn Museum and Country Park: This museum provides insights into the history of Cornwall's china clay industry. Visitors can explore the former clay works and learn about the local mining heritage.
- St. Austell Brewery: Take a tour of the St. Austell Brewery to learn about the brewing process and the history of brewing in the region. You can also sample some of the brewery's famous beers.
- Porthpean Beach: A beautiful sandy beach just south of St. Austell, Porthpean offers a lovely spot for relaxation, swimming, and water sports.
- Caerhays Castle and Gardens: This historic castle boasts stunning gardens filled with exotic plants and trees. It's particularly renowned for its collection of magnolias and camellias.
- Polkerris Beach: Another lovely beach near St. Austell, Polkerris is ideal for water activities such as kayaking, paddleboarding, and sailing.
- Kidzworld Cornwall: A family-friendly attraction, Kidzworld offers indoor and outdoor activities including a farm park, indoor play areas, and more.
- White River Cinema: If you're looking for indoor entertainment, this cinema in St. Austell offers the latest movies and a comfortable viewing experience.
- St. Austell Market House: This historic building hosts a variety of local markets and events. It's a great place to explore local crafts, produce, and more.
- Mevagissey: A charming fishing village just a short drive from St. Austell, Mevagissey offers narrow streets, colorful houses, and a bustling harbor.
These are just a few of the many attractions you can explore in and around St. Austell. Whether you're interested in history, nature, or family-friendly activities, the area has something to offer for everyone.
St. Austell, being located in Cornwall, experiences a maritime climate influenced by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. Here's an overview of the climate you can expect in St. Austell:
- Mild Winters: Winters in St. Austell are relatively mild compared to other parts of the UK. Average temperatures during the coldest months (December to February) typically range from around 4°C to 9°C (39°F to 48°F).
- Cool Summers: Summers are also relatively cool, with average temperatures ranging from around 12°C to 19°C (54°F to 66°F) during the months of June to August. While temperatures can occasionally reach the low 20s°C (70s°F), they tend to remain moderate due to the influence of the ocean.
- Rainfall: St. Austell receives a moderate amount of rainfall throughout the year. The wettest months are usually in the autumn and winter, while the summer months tend to be drier. Rainfall is evenly distributed over the months, with an annual average of around 1000 to 1200 mm.
- Sunshine: Cornwall, including St. Austell, is known for having relatively sunny conditions compared to other parts of the UK. There's a good amount of sunshine during the summer months, which helps to enhance the region's appeal for tourists.
- Wind: Being situated along the coast, St. Austell experiences its fair share of coastal winds, especially during the autumn and winter months. These winds can contribute to the cool and brisk feel of the weather.
- Microclimates: Cornwall's geography, with its varied coastline and landscape, can create microclimates within relatively short distances. This means that weather conditions can vary somewhat between different areas in and around St. Austell.
Overall, St. Austell's maritime climate results in generally mild temperatures and relatively comfortable conditions throughout the year. It's worth being prepared for some rainfall and occasional windy days, but the region's climate is part of what makes it an attractive destination for both locals and visitors.
The town's geography is influenced by its coastal location and the surrounding natural landscape. Here's an overview of the geography of St. Austell:
- Coastal Location: St. Austell is located along the southern coast of Cornwall, giving it access to the English Channel and the Atlantic Ocean. This coastal position has historically contributed to the town's maritime industries and its connection to trade and transportation.
- Inland and Coastal Areas: The geography around St. Austell includes a mix of coastal areas, sandy beaches, cliffs, and inland regions. The town itself is slightly inland but is still within easy reach of the coast.
- Hilly Terrain: The region around St. Austell features a hilly terrain with a mixture of rolling hills and valleys. These hills add to the scenic beauty of the area and offer panoramic views of the coastline and surrounding countryside.
- China Clay Country: The immediate vicinity of St. Austell is known as the "China Clay Country" due to the presence of extensive china clay (kaolin) deposits. This has shaped the landscape with clay pits, tailings mounds, and other features related to the historic mining industry.
- Rivers and Streams: The landscape around St. Austell is crisscrossed by several small rivers and streams, which contribute to the region's natural beauty and can create picturesque valleys and gorges.
- Nearby Landmarks: St. Austell is in close proximity to notable landmarks such as the Eden Project, which is situated in a former clay pit and features distinctive biomes. The Lost Gardens of Heligan, with their lush gardens and historical significance, are also nearby.
- Bays and Beaches: The coastline near St. Austell is characterized by picturesque bays, sandy beaches, and rocky shores. These coastal features contribute to the town's popularity as a tourist destination.
- Microclimates: The diverse geography of Cornwall, including the St. Austell area, can lead to the creation of microclimates within relatively short distances. This means that weather and temperature conditions can vary between different parts of the region.
St. Austell's geography, with its mix of coastal and inland features, hilly terrain, and historical connections to mining, plays a significant role in shaping the town's character, industries, and appeal to residents and visitors alike.