- St. Mary’s & St. Michael’s Parish Church
- New Ross - Co. Wexford
- Ireland - Eircode Y34 N677
Wexford is a town located in County Wexford, Ireland. It has a rich history dating back many centuries. Here is an overview of the history of Wexford:
Early History: The area around Wexford has evidence of human settlement dating back to prehistoric times. The region was inhabited by Celtic tribes, and later came under the influence of the Vikings in the 9th century. The Vikings established a settlement known as Veisafjǫrðr, from which the name "Wexford" is derived.
Norman Invasion: In 1169, the Norman invasion of Ireland began, and Wexford was a significant target for the Normans. Led by Robert Fitz-Stephen and Maurice FitzGerald, the Normans captured Wexford in 1169 and established control over the region. The town developed as an important trading center during this period.
Medieval Era: During the medieval period, Wexford prospered as a port town. It was a bustling hub for trade and commerce, with connections to England, France, and other parts of Europe. The town's fortifications were strengthened, including the construction of Wexford's iconic Westgate Tower. Wexford also became a center of religious activity, with the establishment of St. Selskar's Abbey and other religious institutions.
Conflicts and Rebellion: Wexford witnessed various conflicts and rebellions throughout its history. In the 1640s, during the Irish Confederate Wars, Wexford experienced a series of sieges and battles. The town was captured by Cromwellian forces in 1649, resulting in a massacre of its defenders and inhabitants. In 1798, during the Irish Rebellion, Wexford played a significant role. The town was briefly held by the rebel forces, but ultimately the rebellion was suppressed by the British.
Modern Era: In the 19th and 20th centuries, Wexford continued to develop as a trading port. The arrival of the railway in the mid-19th century further enhanced its economic growth. The town also saw social and political changes during this time, including the struggle for Irish independence. Wexford played its part in the fight for independence and saw various political and cultural movements emerge.
Today, Wexford is a vibrant town that celebrates its history and heritage. Visitors can explore its medieval streets, visit historical sites like Selskar Abbey and Westgate Tower, and enjoy cultural events such as the Wexford Festival Opera. The town continues to be an important center for trade, tourism, and community life in County Wexford.
Top Tourist Attractions
Wexford offers a range of tourist attractions that showcase its rich history, natural beauty, and cultural heritage. Here are some of the top tourist attractions in Wexford:
- Wexford Town: Explore the charming streets of Wexford Town, with its colorful buildings, lively pubs, and historic sites like Westgate Tower and Selskar Abbey.
- Irish National Heritage Park: Located just outside Wexford Town, this outdoor museum takes you on a journey through Ireland's past, from the Stone Age to the Viking and Norman periods. Experience reconstructed historical sites and learn about Ireland's ancient heritage.
- Hook Lighthouse: Located on the Hook Peninsula, the Hook Lighthouse is one of the oldest working lighthouses in the world. Climb to the top for breathtaking views of the coastline and learn about the lighthouse's fascinating history.
- Dunbrody Famine Ship: Step aboard the Dunbrody Famine Ship, a replica of a 19th-century emigrant vessel, to experience what it was like for Irish emigrants during the Great Famine. The interactive exhibits provide insight into this tragic period of Irish history.
- Johnstown Castle and Gardens: This Gothic Revival castle set in beautiful gardens offers a glimpse into the lives of the landed gentry. Explore the castle's interiors, stroll through the ornamental gardens, and enjoy the surrounding woodlands and lakes.
- Tintern Abbey: Located in County Wexford, Tintern Abbey is a Cistercian monastery founded in the 13th century. Wander through the ruins of the abbey, surrounded by picturesque woodland and serene walking trails.
- Curracloe Beach: Known for its stunning sandy beach and dunes, Curracloe Beach is a popular spot for outdoor enthusiasts. It gained fame as a filming location for the opening scenes of the movie "Saving Private Ryan."
- National 1798 Rebellion Centre: Learn about the historic 1798 Rebellion at this interactive museum in Enniscorthy. The center showcases the events and stories of the rebellion through multimedia exhibits and displays.
- Wells House and Gardens: Located near Gorey in County Wexford, Wells House is an elegant Victorian house with beautiful gardens and woodland walks. Explore the house's interiors, enjoy the gardens, and indulge in activities such as archery or falconry.
- Kilmore Quay: A picturesque fishing village, Kilmore Quay is known for its charming harbor, colorful boats, and fresh seafood. Take a leisurely stroll along the waterfront, visit the local seafood restaurants, and soak in the relaxed coastal atmosphere.
These are just a few examples of the top tourist attractions in Wexford. The county offers a variety of experiences for visitors, combining history, natural beauty, and warm Irish hospitality.
Wexford experiences a temperate maritime climate influenced by the nearby Atlantic Ocean. Here are some details about the climate in Wexford:
- Mild Winters: Wexford's winters are relatively mild compared to other parts of Ireland. The average daily temperature in winter ranges from around 4°C (39°F) to 8°C (46°F). However, temperatures can occasionally drop below freezing, especially during colder spells.
- Cool Summers: Summers in Wexford are generally cool and pleasant. The average daily temperature during summer months ranges from around 15°C (59°F) to 20°C (68°F). However, temperatures can occasionally reach the mid-20s Celsius (mid-70s Fahrenheit) on warmer days.
- Rainfall: Wexford receives a moderate amount of rainfall throughout the year, typical of Ireland's climate. Rainfall is well-distributed, and showers can occur at any time of the year. The wettest months tend to be during autumn and winter, with somewhat drier conditions in spring and early summer.
- Sunshine: Wexford enjoys a fair amount of sunshine, particularly during the summer months. On average, the town receives approximately 4 to 5 hours of sunshine per day. Longer daylight hours can be expected during the summer, while winter days are shorter.
- Wind: As a coastal location, Wexford can experience breezy conditions due to its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. Wind speeds can vary throughout the year, but it's not uncommon to experience gusts and stronger winds during the cooler months.
It's worth noting that weather patterns can be unpredictable, and conditions may vary from year to year. It's always a good idea to check the local weather forecast when planning a trip or outdoor activities in Wexford.
Wexford is a county located in the southeastern part of Ireland. It is situated in the province of Leinster and is bordered by the Irish Sea to the east. Here are some details about the geography of Wexford:
- Coastline: Wexford has a long coastline that stretches for approximately 275 kilometers (170 miles). The coastline is characterized by beautiful sandy beaches, rocky cliffs, and coastal dunes. It includes notable areas such as Curracloe Beach, Kilmore Quay, and the Hook Peninsula.
- Rivers: The county is traversed by several rivers, with the Slaney River being the most significant. The River Slaney flows through the heart of Wexford, dividing the county into two parts: North Wexford and South Wexford. Other notable rivers in the county include the Barrow, Nore, and Bann.
- Landscape: Wexford's landscape is diverse and includes fertile agricultural land, rolling hills, and picturesque valleys. The northern part of the county is generally more hilly, with the Blackstairs Mountains forming part of the border with County Carlow. The central and southern regions are flatter, featuring open farmland and coastal plains.
- Islands: Wexford is home to a number of islands off its coast, including the Saltee Islands. The Saltee Islands are a designated nature reserve and are known for their abundant wildlife and seabird colonies.
- Towns and Villages: Wexford's landscape is dotted with charming towns and villages. Wexford Town, the county's largest town and administrative center, is located on the southeast coast. Other notable towns include Enniscorthy, New Ross, Gorey, and Rosslare.
- Flora and Fauna: Wexford's diverse geography supports a variety of flora and fauna. The county is known for its extensive woodland areas, including the renowned Raven Nature Reserve. The coastal areas are home to a wide range of bird species, while the rivers and lakes support various fish species.
Overall, Wexford's geography offers a blend of coastal beauty, fertile agricultural land, and scenic countryside. Its diverse landscape provides opportunities for outdoor activities, such as beach visits, hiking, and wildlife exploration.